Course (MA and BA)


‘EU Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: Internal and External Dimensions’

Supervisor:  Andrey LEONOV



Scope and objectives

The course is elaborated withing the framework of Jean Monnet Module EUSHIFT and aims at in-depth research-led studying of one of the fundamental and most dynamic policy-making areas of the EU – the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice. Through problem-based active learning and cutting-edge learning formats, it will explore various dimensions of the EU AFSJ: institutional (dynamics of EU institutions’ competences, their role and involvement in the AFSJ, gradual communitarisation in the field), substantive (dynamics in sub-policies of the AFSJ: immigration, asylum, border control, the fight against organized crime, terrorism, human/drug trafficking, cybercrime etc, human rights policy, data protection), functional (meaning form and type of integration in the AFSJ). Another dimensional approach is to focus on internal and external aspects of the AFSJ (the latter means EU impact on non-EU states, on its neighbourhood and other remote regions, interaction with Russia, with non-State actors (IOs)).
The course consists of 5 modules (corresponding to theoretical subject frame) and 21 topics.


Target groups

The course is designed for students of Bachelor’s level specialised in international and European law and students of Masters level with different undergraduate backgrounds (mainly in law, political science, international relations), following the MA programme ‘Master in international law’ at the Department of European and International Law.


Teaching methods and assessment

The course consists of lectures (30%) and seminars (70%). It will involve case-law analysis, practical exercises, student presentations, class discussions and expert seminars (guest experts seminars). In all areas, the active participation of students is considered an essential element of teaching. Students are also expected to give one in-class presentation, which will serve class discussion. Two guest lecturers will contribute to specific thematic modules of the course identified below.

Some parts of this course will be implemented at the basis of a EuroSim-modelled method, which proposes a ‘learning by doing’ approach based on negotiation simulations. Students will be asked to develop and implement selected topics of the course in a specific negotiation scenario and learn them from a problem- based perspective.

The assessment will be based on class participation (20%), simulation exercises (40 %)/ written paper (20%) and oral examination at the end of the module (20 %).



Module 1 / Introduction to the EU AFSJ

Topic 1.1 – The AFSJ: background and theory
Topic 1.2 – Dynamic nature of the AFSJ: explaining multi-dimensional approach

Module 2 / Institutional dimension of the AFSJ

Topic 2.1 – EU institutions and governance within the AFSJ
Topic 2.2 – European Commission: from side-lines to the centre in the AFSJ
Topic 2.3 – European Parliament: co-decision system and security-HR balance
Topic 2.4 – European Court of Justice: judicial law-making and proactive role

Module 3 / Substantive dimension of the AFSJ: dynamics in sub-policies

Topic 3.1 – European Cooperation on Migration and Border Controls
Topic 3.2 – European Cooperation on Asylum
Topic 3.3 – Counter-terrorism
Topic 3.4 – Fighting against human trafficking
Topic 3.5 – Cyber-security
Topic 3.6 – Human rights and data protection

Module 4/ Functional dimension of the AFSJ

Topic 4.1 – Forms and types of integration in the AFSJ
Topic 4.2 – ‘Hard’ and ‘soft’ law within the AFSJ: balance and sub-policies covered
Topic 4.3 – Operational cooperation and coordination: agentification of the AFSJ
Topic 4.4 – Positive and negative integration in the AFSJ

Module 5/ The External (Global) Dimension of the AFSJ

Topic 5.1 – Externalisation of the AFSJ domains: nature, scope, impact.
Topic 5.2 – European neighbourhood policy
Topic 5.3 – Legal and political framework of EU-Russia relations in the Common AFSJ
Topic 5.4 – EU actions in the post-soviet space
Topic 5.5 – Transatlantic strategy in the AFSJ


Core course readings (indicative)

Argomaniz, J., Bures, O. and C. Kaunert (2017), ‘EU counter-terrorism and intelligence: A critical assessment’, Routledge.
Bossong R. and H. Carrapiço (eds) (2016), ‘EU borders and shifting internal security: technology, externalization and accountability’. Springer, Cham (CH).
Carrapiço, H and A. Barrinha (2017), ‘The EU as a coherent (cyber)security actor?’ Journal of Common Market Studies, Volume 55, Issue 6, Pp. 1254-1272.
Carrapico, H. and F/ Barrinha (2018), ‘European Union cyber security as an emerging research and policy field’ European Politics and Society, pp. 1-5. DOI:10.1080/23745118.2018.1430712
Carrapico, H., Niehuss, A. and C. Berthelemy (eds) (2019), ‘Brexit and Internal Security. Political and Legal Concerns of the future UK-EU Relationship’. Palgrave MacMillan.
Kaunert, C. (2018), ‘The external dimension of counter-terrorism co-operation’, in European internal security, Manchester University Press.
Korneev, O., Leonov A. (2016), ‘Eurasia and Externalities of Migration Control: Spillover Dynamics of EU-Russia Cooperation on Migration’, in Zaiotti, R. (ed.) Externalizing Migration Management: Europe, North America and the Spread of ‘Remote Control’ Practices. London: Routledge. 2016. P.154-175.
Monar, J. (2014), ‘The EU’s Growing External Role In The AFSJ Domain: Factors, Framework and Forms of Action’. Cambridge Review Of International Affairs 27 (1): 147-­‐166.
Morsut, C. and D. Irrera (eds.) (2018), ‘Security Beyond the State. The EU in an Age of Transformation’, Barbara Budrich Publishers, Leverkusen.
Peers, S. (2016), ‘EU Justice and Home Affairs’. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Ripoll Servent, A., F. Trauner (eds.) (2018), ‘The Routledge Handbook of Justice and Home Affairs Research’. London: Routledge.
Slominski, P., T. Florian (2018), ‘How do member states return unwanted migrants? The strategic (non-)use of ‘Europe’ in the context of the migration crisis’. In Journal of Common Market Studies, 56 (1), 101-118.
Trauner, F., and A. Ripoll Servent, (eds.) (2015), ‘Policy Change in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: how EU institutions matter’. Routledge Studies on Government and the European Union, Vol. 3. Routledge International.
Trauner, F and H. Carrapiço (2012), ‘The external dimension of EU justice and home affairs after the Lisbon Treaty:: analysing the dynamics of expansion and diversification’ European Foreign Affairs Review, vol. 17, no. 1/2, pp. 1-18.
Weinar, A., Bonjour, S. and L. Zhyznomirska (eds.) (2018), ‘The Routledge Handbook on the Politics of Migration in Europe’, London: Routledge.

In Russian:

Войников В.В. (2013), ‘Правовое регулирование европейского пространства свободы, безопасности и правосудия’, Калининград: Изд-во БФУ им. И. Канта.
Войников В.В. (2017), ‘Европейское пространство свободы, безопасности и правосудия и миграционный кризис в Европе’ // Современная Европа, № 2, сс. 43-54.
Войников В.В. (2018), ‘ПРОСТРАНСТВО СВОБОДЫ, БЕЗОПАСНОСТИ И ПРАВОСУДИЯ В СИСТЕМЕ ПРАВА ЕС’ // Журнал зарубежного законодательства и сравнительного правоведения. 2018. №6 (73).
Калиничекно П.А. (2012), ‘Европейский Союз: право и отношения с Россией’. М.: Норма.
Потемкина О.Ю. (2013), ‘Пространство свободы, безопасности и правосудия как политический проект Европейского Союза’ / Европейский Союз в XXI веке: время испытаний. /Под ред.О.Ю.Потемкиной, Н.Ю.Кавешникова, Н.Б.Кондратьевой. М.: Весь мир. Cc.281-306.

Learning outcomes

The course will contribute to the comprehensive knowledge of the EU AFSJ, its legal and political aspects. This research-led course will result in students` capacity to demonstrate a wide range of skills from two categories: knowledge and understanding of the subject, and generic intellectual and transferable skills. By the end of the module, students will be able to:

• Demonstrate a familiarity with the core elements of EU AFSJ, identify its historical developments and role in the EU integration (in-­‐depth knowledge of the main actors, policy-­‐making, internal and external cooperation);
• Show awareness of the key publications in this field of AFSJ;
• Identify and use legal sources in the field of AFSJ (including primary and secondary legislation, case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union;
• Demonstrate a critical understanding of the institutional dimension of the EU AFSJ, identify the place and role of each supranational institution in the AFSJ;
• Demonstrate independent and critical understanding of dynamics in sub-policies of the AFSJ;
• Illustrate and evaluate the main aspects of the functional dimension of the AFSJ;
• Discuss and critically appraise the external (Global) dimension of the AFSJ
• Elaborate a paper related to the EU AFSJ suggested topics.
• Fully identify the strengths and weaknesses of different disciplinary and theoretical approaches to the study of EU AFSJ
• Demonstrate appropriate cognitive, communicative and transferable skills, including understanding complex concepts and theories, exercising critical judgement, problem-solving skills; making effective presentations, utilizing specialist primary and secondary sources, and deepening the capacity for independent learning.
• Participate in the academic and public debates on current EU issues and, particularly, on the AFSJ, organized at Lobachevsky University and outside.


⇒ Syllabus (PDF)